Baba Dham or Baidyanath dham is a glorious jyotirlinga, as other twelve jyotirlingas, is located in Deoghar, in the Santhal Parganas constituency of the state of Jharkhand, in India. He is also called as Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga is located at Prajwalika Nidhanam which means, "Funeral Place, i.e. Chithabhoomi". This Baba Dham is said to be one of the most sacred abodes of Lord Shiva in the form of Baidyanath Jyotirlinga as Lord Shiva himself is the deity of time, that is why we call him Mahakal, he is also a crematorium. He also carries the remaining ashes on his body after burning dead bodies. After death, the body becomes pure, there is no work, anger, greed, attachment, to it. It is believed that Lord Shiva attaches himself to the spirits by applying that sacred ash on his body.
According to ancient mythological scriptures and Deep Text Shiva Purana, A great devotee of Lord Shiva, the great scholar Demon King Lanka Ravana did a severe penance to please Lord Shiva and requested a boon. In this boon, he had expressed his desire to carry Lord Shiva with him from Mount Kailash to Lanka, but Lord Shiva refused the desire to go to Lanka with the Demon King Lanka Ravana. Instead Lord Shiva advised Demon King Lanka Ravana to take with him the Shivalinga and also advised him not to keep this Shivalinga, anywhere on the earth. By mistake if it kept anywhere on the way, he said there is no power on the earth could lift that Shivalinga, then that place will become the Abode, was the message to Demon King Lanka Ravana.
Lord Vishnu on hearing this he was not supportive to this idea of taking the Shivalinga to Lanka by Demon King Lanka Ravana. He requested the Goddess Ganga to enter the stomach of King Lanka Ravana. After the arrival of Goddess Ganga into the stomach, he lost focus on his desire, arose a nature's call, to urinate. There arrived Lord Vishnu assumed in the form of Cowherd's man. King Lanka Ravana handed over the Shivalinga to the Cowherd's man and advised him that he shall come back in a moment and asking him to hold the Shivalinga until he is back and not to keep on the ground, anywhere. While King Lanka Ravana did not return back for a very long time, the cowherd's man felt that Shivalinga becoming heavier and stronger and he disappeared leaving the graceful Shivlinga on the ground. When King Lanka Ravana came back, despite of his terrible initiatives, he became very sad seeing the Shivalinga on the ground and returned back to Lanka without Shivlinga, as it was impossible for any power to lift it from that place. Demon King Lanka Ravana established the Shivalinga in this place. After this the Devas, Gods and Goddesses came to this place and consecrated this Shivlinga and worshipped, which is the Baidyanath Jyotirlinga.
"Poorvothare Prajwalika Nidhane
Sada Vasantham Girija Sametham
Srivaidyanatham Thamaham Namami"
Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga is located at Prajwalika Nidhanam i.e. Funeral Place, where dead bodies were burnt and post-death ceremonies took place.
Lord Shiva is worshipped as "Smasan Vasin" has been the epic-centre of tantric cults like Kapalika or skull-men who smeared their body with ashes from the cremation ground, to honor Lord Bhairava in the form of Lord Shiva.
Vaidyanatha Jyotirlinga is in the form of "Vaidyar" i.e. doctor, one who relieves dreadful disease of the devotees.
This place where Goddess Sati Devi's heart had fallen is called as "Mahashakti Peeth"
This is the place the Demon King Lanka Ravana had sacrificed his ten heads and offered to Lord Shiva, sought a boon. Lord Shiva appeared before him and blessed him with Unparalleled Power and Strength. Lord Shiva regained all the ten head of the Lanka Ravana, once again
Lord Rama had carried holy ganges water from Sultanganj in Kanwar and offered to Lord Babadham, to reduce the effects of poison in Lord's throat, and all Gods started offering the Ganges water to Lord Shiva.
Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Homam - Powerful Babadham save from incurable ailments, bless Long Life, Bestow Purity from Smearing of Sacred Ash
Baba Baidyanath Jyotirlinga is dedicated powerful Homam performed to Lord Shiva and it is believed Lord Shiva resides so sacredly. He is called the spiritual cosmic doctor who profuse extraordinary powers curing the disease of the devotees. The name of the Babadam by itself is "Healing and Curing" Lord of worship, where Lord Shiva by himself has appeared before Demon King Lanka Ravana, to heal him after he had sacrificed his ten heads to appease Lord Shiva. Likewise whoever perform this Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Homam, Lord Shiva in the form of "Baidyanath" appear in a cosmic form and heal the disease of devotees, blessing good health and long life. Lord Baidyanath is known for his faith, mercy and benevolence in making the devotees health problems cure as he is specialist doctor curing leprocy, leucoderma and immunity problems starting minimizing, giving immediate relief. This Homam is so powerful the devotees themselves slowly realize that their long standing disease is slowly getting out of their body and start recovering from illness. Lord Baidyanath is a doctor even for minor problems of health leading to depression, fatigue or health disorders to heal and it is the perfect remedy praying to Lord Baidyanath, who cures the health problems once for all. Also this Homam gives the blessings of Goddess Parvati, as this is the place Goddess Sati (Parvati) heart fell here, so the place is also called as "Hardapeetha" and Goddess Sati is worshipped as "Jayaa Durga" being victorious and Lord Bhairava as Lord Vaidyanath or Baidyanath. The powers of Lord Baidyanath is powerful as he is abode of Chithabhoomi, which indicates burning dead bodies and place of post death ceremonies took place and he was worshipped as Smasana Vasin and Bhasma Bhushita, which means residing in crematorium, smearing body with holy ashes of burnt bodies. He is decorated with Moon on Head, third spiritual eye on forehead, who holds trident, which represents time, space and attributes, is an auspicious incarnation, who loves music and dance, bless devotees with invincibility, immortality, unites souls and early marriages, bless child for childless, removes poisonous creations, purify mind and soul and attain Salvation.