Lord Rudra is a ferocious aspect of Lord Shiva, who is the embodiment of destruction and unlimited love. Rud means sorrow. Ra means destroyer.
Athi Rudra Maha Yagam is a very important form of worship of Lord Siva, the very source of cosmic energy for the entire creation. His divine form encompasses and extends far beyond all known and unknown galaxies and universes. Lord Siva is omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent and all pervading. He is the conqueror of Death and an embodiment of infinite mercy, compassion and love. We owe our existence to the Divinity and are duty bound to think of Him constantly and worship Him gratefully for the welfare of all humanity and creation.
Lord Siva is worshipped traditionally in the form of Linga – resembling the replica of Brahmanda. Sage Satapatha in his treatise “Maharnava Karma Vipaka” listed four types of abhisheka procedures compatible with Vedic and scriptural lore as abhisheka is the Lord’s favourite form of worship. These are Rudram, Ekadasa Rudram, Maha Rudram and Athi Rudram – each being more potent than the preceding one. Of these, the most potent form of Athi Rudram involves 14641 Rudrams (Rudram is a combination of Namakam and Chamakam given in Rudradhyayam in the 5th Prapathakam of the 4th Kanda of Krishna Yajur Veda Samhita).
Namaka recited once along with recital of Chamaka once constitutes one Rudram. Recital of 11 Namakas along with one Anuvaka of Chamaka at the end of each Namaka, thus completing one Chamaka constitutes Ekadasa Rudram. Recital of 11 Ekadasa Rudrams is Laghu Rudram or Rudraikadasini. Recital of 11 Laghu Rudrams is one Maha Rudram. Recital of 11 Maha Rudrams is one Athi Rudram. Therefore, in Athi Rudram 14641 Rudrams include 14641 Namakams and 1331 Chamakams. Simultaneously with Rudrabhisheka, Rudra Homas are conducted by 121 priests well versed in Vedic rituals in 11 Homa Kundas erected for the purpose. A Linga is installed especially for the purpose of conducting Rudrabhishekam daily. Side by side the Rudra Parayanas and Rudra Homas, and other related rituals will also be performed.
This Maha Yaga is performed for ‘Loka Kalyana’ and good of humanity as well as to ensure universal peace and prosperity.
“ATHIRUDRAM”, is the World's oldest surviving Smartha Mahayaga and one of the greatest Vedic ritual as per the Vedic ritual hierarchy. Vedic rituals have come down to human beings in two broad types‐ the Grihya and the Srautha; the solemn and exalted, show casing in oral tradition the great learning of the Sruti literature, comprising in other words, the three Vedas‐ Rig, Yajur and Sama and their ancillary texts. The performance of ATHIRUDRAM is rare because of its lengthy process, need for dedicated involvement of a large number of vedic priests and high financial requirements.
The Rudram starts with Nyaasam, meaning the one who chants, who would visualize himself with each of his parts of the body as given to a deity. The chanter then surrenders body, mind and spirit (aatma) to the deity and become one with him. Thus the effect of Rudra Parayanam will be distributed to entire universe;
An important point to note here is that Rudram is the only Mantra which starts with a prostration to Lord Parameswara. In the Vedas none of the mantras start with prostration. This makes Rudram the ultimate and supreme mantra, amongst other great mantras.
(“O Lord. Please save all of us, including our parents, elders and even unborn children from all calamities)
“Om Tryambakam Yajamahe Sugandhim Pusti Vardhanam Urvarukamiva Bandhanan Mrtyor Mukshiya Mamritaat”
(Oh we worship and adore you, Oh three-eyed one, Oh Shiva. You are sweet gladness, the fragrance of life, which nourishes us, restores our health, and causes us to thrive. As, in due time, the stem of the cucumber weakens, and the gourd is freed from the vine, so free us from attachment, death and do not withhold immortality).
One hundred twenty one (121) priests would perform the ‘ATHIRUDRAM’ for 13 days apart from other supporting priests and paricharakas to perform the connected pujas, archanas, paaraayanas and ISHTI homas (directly involving the participants from general public).
Vibrations from the 14,641 (121 RITWIKS * 11 CHANTS * A DAY FOR 11 DAYS) chants of Namakam and 1,331 (121 RITWIKS * 1 CHANT * A DAY FOR 11 days) chants of Chamakam, by over 121 learned Ritwiks; 1,331 Srirudra-kramaarchanas and Rudraabhishekams, 1,331 Rudra Homas, 1,000 Chandi parayanas, 100 Chandi Homas, and Purnahuthi by many a Priests, Acharyas and Vedic Pundits; will spiritually charge up the atmosphere with over 12 hours a day of ceremonies for over 12 consecutive days. Spiritual and vedic discourses by scholars and various other homas and pujas are also included for the benefit of the interested participants.
It is said that Lord Shiva, after Basmasura was killed with the help of Lord Maha Vishnu performed the ‘tandava dance’ and then the "Rudra Yagna" for the betterment of humanity. The recitation of Rudra Chamakam furnishes completely the ideal of human happiness and defines in the highest degree the desires and do not delimit to be asked or to be granted. Athi Rudra Maha Yagam occupies a very important place in Vedic literature and in the practice of Vedic traditions. The Rudram is addressed to worship Lord Shiva, who will grant the devotee immediate relief from all problems and the fulfillment of wishes.
Assistance From Vedicfolks
With unmatched experience and wisdom, our Vedic Purohits at Vedic Folks will suggest you the right day and time to perform Athi Rudra Maha Yagam, so that you can be rest assured that this most powerful yaga will grant you with endless benefits and goodness.