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Patala Bhairavi is an incarnation of Goddess Shakti who is popular among the rural folklore and tantric practitioners. Her abode is Patala which means underground. According to ancient scriptures, a cruel and selfish demon Bhairon Nath fancied goddess Vaishno Devi. In order to escape the demon, the goddess hid underground for almost nine months before the demon found her. His harassment continued and the goddess appeared from the cave looking fierce and annihilated the demon. Thus goddess Bhairavi who killed demon Bhairon Nath was born. Kaula Tantra describes the 64 yoginis as servants of Goddess Bhairavi. This is one of the most ferocious forms of goddess Shakti who’s equated with the powers of Kala Bhairava form of Lord Shiva. Hence, she’s Time which fructifies Karma and dissolves everything to recreate. The goddess bears the aspects of fire or Agni, thunderbolt or Vidyut and sun or Surya. This means that she strikes with the powers of Indira, Surya and Agni. She’s also associated with Kundalini worship.
In today’s world, one can identify her with destructive habits like lust and selfishness and Goddess Bhairavi helps one to overcome them. She also symbolizes the great cosmic consciousness, a Dasa Mahavidya or wisdom goddess. A true devotee who follows the goddess and perfects her sadhana gets all ashta siddhis, which leads to spiritual growth and mastery of supernatural powers and techniques. Goddess Bhairavi protects from harmful influences and evil and dispels negative forces that try to stop spiritual growth.
Vedic texts say that her motive is to continue the cycle of destruction and creation. She is that aspect of Shakti who is responsible for creation, maintenance and destruction.
Patala Bhairavi Homam will be performed on the second Friday of Aadi month. It is the fourth month of the Tamil calendar and it’s a month of fervor and observances invoking the powerful goddess Shakti for protection. The sun begins its journey southward from north called Dakshinayana Punya Kalam. The gods in heaven are engaged in worshipping Maha Shakti to remove darkness from their lives. The sun enters Kataka Rasi or cancer sign that’s ruled by the moon and hence the month is called Karkataka. Also, Fridays are special for Devi worship to remove negativity and increase auspiciousness for everyone.
The ultimate aim of Patala Bhairavi Mahavidya Homam is to remove all negativity within like sensuous desires and evil motives and show the path of Dharma or righteousness. The ritual frees devotees from the clutches of Arishadvargas which are the six passions of mind or enemies of desire – kama (lust), Krodha (anger), lobha (greed), moha (delusion), mada (pride) and matsarya (jealousy). These negative qualities are man’s biggest enemies that as they fill the mind with negative thoughts. They also stand as obstacles in realizing his true self and attaining moksha. Patala Bhairavi Homam helps to activate all chakras in the body as the deity’s energy permeates the chakras namely Mooladhara, Swadishtana, Manipuraka, Anahata, Visuddha, Ajna and Sahasrara.
Om Hreem Bhairavi Kalaum Hreem Swaha||
Hstraim Hsklreem Hstraumh||
The Patala Bhairavi Homam helps to alleviate doshas related to weak lagna (ascendant). When Rahu is placed in lagna or when lagna lord is in the eighth or twelfth house of the birth chart, then one should worship Goddess Bhairavi to strengthen their lagna. Lagna also impacts the traits, qualities, and behavioral patterns of a person. Therefore, the ritual to goddess Bhairavi controls our behavior, thinking pattern and personality traits. The ritual provides protection, removes anxieties, fear, doubts, malefic energies and spirits. Devotees can find relief to money-related problems and those suffering from long periods of sickness can see a remarkable change in the health. The worship of Patala Bhairavi confers radiance, moral excellence, eloquent speech, courage and ensures a safe journey. Worshipping the goddess also ensures all-round prosperity, fulfillment of material wishes, peace and happiness.
Patala Ponni Amman Temple is situated in Kilpauk, Chennai Tamil Nadu. This form of Mother Shakti was found deep inside a pit, 300 years ago, when it was dug for the purpose of a well. It is said that once huge snakes lived in the area that terrified people in the area. They prayed to Mother Shakti and one day the snakes were transformed into statues worthy of worship. To show their gratitude, the people constructed a temple called Patala Nagathamman Temple which later came to be known as Patala Ponniamman Temple. It’s auspicious to perform puja in this temple during Aadi month which relieves from snake dosha, bad effects of Planet Rahu, troubles and sorrows. The goddess ensures immense prosperity, peace and happiness.
Goddess Bhairavi is one of the primordial forms of supreme energies. She is associated with goddess Kali. She is the consort of Lord Bhairava and personifies destruction. She signifies the lagna aspect in the horoscope and when her yantra is worshipped, it removes all doshas related to it. The Bhairavi yantra emits mystical powers to nullify the bad effects of black magic, frees the devotee from evil influence of negative spirits and energies, and prevents one from falling into temptations. Also, the yantra offers blessings of a happy married life, good progeny, and emotional stability, and fulfills spiritual and material desires.